House of Commons

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House of Commons
of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Secretary_Salami, Conservative
Since 16 August 2019
eelsemaj99, Labour
Since 16 August 2019
Structure
Seats 101
Mhoccommons.svg
Political groups

HM Government (51)

HM Most Loyal Opposition (30)

Other opposition (19)

Speaker

Length of term
up to 6 months
Elections
Mixed-member proportional representation
Last election
by 14 August 2019
Next election
by 14 February 2020
Meeting place
House of Commons Chamber 1.png
House of Commons chamber
Palace of Westminster
City of Westminster
London, England
United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. The Commons is an elected body consisting of 100 members known as Members of Parliament (MPs). Members are elected to represent constituencies by region-based voting, and hold their seats until Parliament is dissolved. The House of Commons of England evolved in the 13th and 14th centuries. It eventually became the House of Commons of Great Britain after the political union with Scotland in 1707, and assumed the title of "House of Commons of Great Britain and Ireland" after the political union with Ireland at the start of the 19th century. The "United Kingdom" referred to was the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1800, and became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland after the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922. Accordingly, the House of Commons assumed its current title. Under the Parliament Act 1911, the Lords' power to reject legislation was reduced to a delaying power. The Government is solely responsible to the House of Commons and the Prime Minister stays in office only as long as he or she retains the support of a majority of the Commons.

Current MPs