House of Lords
|House of Lords of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland|
Upper House of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
Leader of the Opposition
Third party Leader
HM Government (14)
Other Groups (8)
House of Lords chamber|
Palace of Westminister
City of Westminster
London, United Kingdom
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, referred to ceremonially as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is: The Right Honourable the Lords of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.
Unlike the elected House of Commons, all members of the House of Lords are appointed.
- 1 Membership
- 2 Current composition
- 3 Stages of a Bill in the Lords
- 4 House Motions
- 5 Lords Reports
- 6 Government leaders and ministers in the Lords
- 7 See Also
- 8 Reddit Links
- 9 Other Links
The Lords Temporal are directly appointed by the Lord Speaker, and can be divided into two main categories: achievement peers, and working peers.
Achievement peers are those who have been appointed by virtue of their contributions to the sim, and cannot normally have their titles revoked.
Working peers are those who have been appointed on the basis of their expected contribution to the House of Lords, and can have their titles revoked if they become inactive.
With the passing of the Secularisation Act 2016, the Lords Spiritual lost all right to sit in the House of Lords.
There are currently 51 sitting members of the House of Lords.
Stages of a Bill in the Lords
Under Standing Order 8, this stage is skipped.
The second reading is held for at least three days, where the house discusses the core principle of the bill, and whether a lord would accept it with slight alterations. A vote then follows, lasting at least two days. If a bill is contented, it progresses to the next stage, otherwise it is thrown out. This stage is skipped for bills originating in the House of Commons.
The committee stage is where any member of the house may propose amendments. All amendments must be sent to the Woolsack (normally the person that posted the committee stage) within three days. Divisions for the amendments then follow, lasting at least two days. These amendments must be related to the subject matter of the bill, and if deemed to be unrelated to the bill may be discarded by the Woolsack.
A special amendment has been introduced called the SPaG amendment, where an amendment that fixes spelling or grammatical errors in a bill are fixed without a vote, as long as the author of the bill and Woolsack are in agreement that it doesn't change the meaning of the bill. A SPaG amendment can also fix the date of enactment on a bill, provided the Woolsack and the author of the bill agree that the change in date is acceptable.
The third reading is held for at least three days. A vote then follows, lasting at least two days. If a bill originating in the Lords is contented, it is sent to the Commons, otherwise it is thrown out.
Bills originating in the Commons are sent for royal assent, regardless of the vote. Any amendments that pass in the Lords are reviewed in the Commons.
Motions are read for three days, and then sent to vote for three days. Motions made by the house on the house itself, can be used by the Woolsack/Lord Speaker to change the rules of the Lords. Motions made by the house may also require a formal response from the government.
A closure motion can be called by a member on a reading or committee stage to end debate. Following the closure of a reading, a vote will be held for one day on whether or not to accept the motion. If a closure motion is accepted, the stage is immediately ended (and if applicable put to a vote).
Government leaders and ministers in the Lords
Leaders and chief whips
- The Lord of Aberdeen – Leader of the House of Lords, and Lord Privy Seal
- The Baron Skelmersdale - Deputy Prime Minister, and Secretary of State for the Home Department
- The Baroness of Belgravia - Secretary of State for Business, Industry and Trade
- The Lord of Armagh - Secretary of State for Work and Welfare
- The Baron Carrington - Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
- The Baron of the Blackmore Vale - Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs