Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

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Prime Minister of the
United Kingdom
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Incumbent
Eelsemaj99

since 28 March 2019
Government of the United Kingdom
Office of the Prime Minister
Style Prime Minister
(informal)
The Right Honourable
(UK and Commonwealth)
Her Excellency
(international)
Status Head of government
Member of
Reports to Parliament
Residence
Seat Westminster
Nominator Political parties
Appointer Monarch of the United Kingdom
traditionally appoints the leader of the largest coalition in the Commons
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation 19 June 2014
First holder Owenberic
Deputy Deputy Prime Minister
Website downingstreet.reddit.com

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (informally abbreviated to PM), is the head of the Government of the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior ministers, most of whom are government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate. The Office is one of the Great Offices of State. The current holder of the office, Eelsemaj99, Leader of the Conservative Party, and the leader of a coalition composed of the Conservative Party and the Libertarian Party UK was appointed by the Queen on 28 March 2019.

The office is not established by any statute or constitutional document but exists only by long-established convention, which stipulates that the monarch must appoint as Prime Minister the person most likely to command the confidence of the House of Commons; this individual is typically the leader of the political party or coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber. The position of Prime Minister was not created; it evolved slowly and erratically over three hundred years due to numerous acts of Parliament, political developments, and accidents of history. The office is therefore best understood from a historical perspective. The origins of the position are found in constitutional changes that occurred during the Revolutionary Settlement (1688–1720) and the resulting shift of political power from the Sovereign to Parliament. Although the Sovereign was not stripped of the ancient prerogative powers and legally remained the head of government, politically it gradually became necessary for him or her to govern through a Prime Minister who could command a majority in Parliament.

The Prime Minister is ex officio also First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service. Certain privileges, such as residency of 10 Downing Street, are accorded to Prime Ministers by virtue of their position as First Lord of the Treasury. The status of the position as Prime Minister means that the incumbent is consistently ranked as one of the most powerful and influential people in the world.

The first Prime Minister was Owenberic, who was first appointed on 19 June 2014.

There have been twenty one Prime Ministers to date.


Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the United Kingdom










List

     Labour (5)      Conservative (5)      Green (4)      Liberal Democrat (4)      UKIP (1)
Title
Prime Minister
Office
Term of office & election
Duration in years and days
Party Government Monarch
(Reign)
1 The Right Honourable
Owenberic
MP for National
19 June
2014
14 September
2014
I Labour
I
Owenberic
Lab-LD
         
Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952–present)
88 days
2 The Right Honourable
Athanaton
MP for National
14 September
2014
21 October
2014
Labour Athanaton
Lab-LD
         
38 days
3 The Right Honourable
Peter199
MP for National
21 October
2014
8 November
2014
Labour Peter199
Lab-LD
         
19 days
4 The Right Honourable
OllieSimmonds
MP for South East England
8 November
2014
2 March
2015
II Conservative II OllieSimmonds
Con-UKIP
         
115 days
5 The Right Honourable
Whigwham
MP for East Midlands
2 March
2015
2 August
2015
III Green III Whigwham I
Grn-LD-Lab
              
IV Whigwham II
Grn-Com-Lab-Soc
                   
V Whigwham III
Grn-Lab-Soc-SNP
                   
154 days
6 The Right Honourable
RadioNone
MP for East of England
2 August
2015
16 October
2015
Green RadioNone I
Grn-Lab-Soc-SNP
                   
RadioNone II
Grn-Lab-SNP
              
76 days
7 The Right Honourable
Can_triforce
MP for Hampshire, Surrey and West Sussex
16 October
2015
7 January
2016
IV Labour
VI
Can_triforce I
Lab-LD-Grn-PP
                   
VII
Can_triforce II
Lab-LD-Grn
              
84 days
8 The Right Honourable
RachelChamberlain
MP for Lesser Wessex
7 January
2016
2 March
2016
Labour
RachelChamberlain I
Lab-LD-Grn
              
VIII
RachelChamberlain II
Lab-LD
         
56 days
9 The Right Honourable
JellyTom
MP for East Midlands
2 March
2016
18 April
2016
V Liberal Democrat
IX
JellyTom I
LD-Con-CNP
              
X
JellyTom II
LD-Con-UKIP-CNP
                   
48 days
10 The Right Honourable
Tim-Sanchez
MP for Lancashire, Merseyside and Cheshire
18 April
2016
2 June
2016
Liberal Democrat Tim-Sanchez
LD-Con-UKIP-CNP
                   
46 days
11 The Right Honourable
ContrabannedTheMC
MP for Hampshire, Surrey and West Sussex
2 June
2016
12 September
2016
Green XI ContrabannedTheMC
Grn-RSP-SF
              
103 days
12 The Right Honourable
DF44
MP for Lancashire, Merseyside and Cheshire
12 September
2016
19 September
2016
VI Green XII DF44 I
RSP-Grn-Lab
              
8 days
13 The Right Honourable
Duncs11
MP for English Borders
19 September
2016
10 October
2016
UKIP XIII Duncs11
UKIP-Con
         
22 days
14 The Right Honourable
DF44
MP for Lancashire, Merseyside and Cheshire
10 October
2016
23 March
2017
Green XIV DF44 II
RSP-Grn-Lab
              
165 days
15 The Right Honourable
InfernoPlato
MP for Somerset, Dorset and Bristol
23 March
2017
15 May
2017
VII Conservative XV InfernoPlato
Con-NUP-UKIP
              
54 days
16 The Right Honourable
DrCaeserMD
MP for East Midlands
Derbyshire
15 May
2017
10 February
2018
Conservative DrCaeserMD I
Con-NUP-UKIP
              
VIII
XVI DrCaeserMD II
Con-NUP
         
272 days
17 The Right Honourable
Leafy_Emerald
MP for South West England
Northamptonshire and Rutland
10 February
2018
3 September
2018
Conservative Leafy_Emerald I
Con-NUP
         
IX
XVII Leafy_Emerald II
Con-Lab
         
XVIII Leafy_Emerald III
Con
    
206 days
18 The Right Honourable
TheNoHeart
MP for South West London
3 September
2018
3 November
2018
X Liberal Democrat XIX TheNoHeart
LD-CLib
         
62 days
19 The Right Honourable
Wagbo_
MP for Wales
3 November
2018
12 January
2019
Liberal Democrat Wagbo_
LD-CLib
         
71 days
20 The Right Honourable
Leafy_Emerald
MP for Northamptonshire and Rutland
12 January
2019
28 March
2019
Conservative XX Leafy_Emerald IV
Con-LPUK-CLib-NB
                   
XI
XXI Leafy_Emerald V
Con-LPUK
         
76 days
21 The Right Honourable
Eelsemaj99
MP for Northern Ireland
28 March
2019
Incumbent Conservative Eelsemaj99
Con-LPUK
         
143 days
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